To ensure that James City County has enough water to meet current and future needs, the JCSA is committed to water conservation. Our water conservation office, JCSA staff and the citizen-based Water Conservation Committee work together to promote conservation programs, educate citizens on how to conserve and advise the Board of Supervisors on water supply and demand issues.

Next to air, water is our most precious resource. Just 1% of the entire water supply in the world is available for people to use. The rest is in the oceans, ice caps and glaciers. Of that 1%, we drink very little; most goes on lawns, in washing machines and down toilets and drains.
James City County uses groundwater, pumped from the Potomac and Chickahominy-Piney Aquifers, which also supplies water for individual well owners and communities throughout the region. The JCSA provides the water for approximately three-fourths of County's residents; the rest have private wells that draw from the aquifers.
  1. Indoors
  2. Outdoors
In the Bathroom
  1. Turn off the water when you brush your teeth or shave.
  2. Repair leaky toilets. To find out if you have a leak, put a little food coloring in the toilet tank. If, without flushing, the color appears in the bowl you have a leak.
  3. Repair leaky faucets and pipes. The smallest drip from a worn washer can waste twenty or more gallons per day. Larger leaks can waste hundreds of gallons.
  4. If you have an old toilet, replace it with a 1.6-gallon ultra low flush toilet. Old toilets use 5 gallons per flush.
  5. Don’t use the toilet as a wastebasket.
  6. Take shorter showers.
  7. Install water saving showerheads and faucets. Your local hardware store stocks inexpensive, easy to install fixtures.
  8. Take baths. A bath in a partially filled tub uses less water than all but the shortest showers.
In the Kitchen & Laundry
  1. Use your washing machine and dishwasher only for full loads.
  2. Repair leaky faucets and pipes.
  3. If you wash dishes by hand, don’t leave the water running.
  4. Use the garbage disposal less often.
  5. Don’t let the faucet run when you clean vegetables.
  6. Keep a container of cold water in the refrigerator or use ice, rather than running the tap until the water is cold.
  7. Defrost frozen foods in the refrigerator rather than under running water.
Other Ways to be Water Smart
  1. At restaurants, only ask for water if you want it.
  2. At work, use a glass rather than drinking from the fountain.